Archaeologists & the Digital: Towards Strategies of Engagement

A quick and dirty Storify about the CASPAR workshop on digital engagement for archaeology on May 16, 2011 at the UCL Institute for Archaeology: Archaeologists & the Digital: Towards Strategies of Engagement
A more in-depth account of the day can be found on Dan Pett’s blog.
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CAA Beijing 2011

I’ve now uploaded the presentations from our session (“Collective Geophysics in Archaeology”) at the Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods conference in Beijing to Slideshare. We had some very interesting presenters who presented on a range of topics concerning Geophysical Prospection in Archaeology, which resulted in some great conversations about openness throughout the conference. The presenters were as follows:

As we had limited access this year to the internet (and various Chinese censorship laws), I created a mindmap of the geophysics session Christine Markussen and I co-chaired, as well as the roundtable Philip Verhagen and Axel Posluschny chaired the next day. Some very interesting topics arose about openness and online resources, and a new CAA special interest group for Archaeological Prospection was proposed and accepted at the AGM.

An open google group/mailing list was also created, in the hopes that various threads on the topic of a method store in archaeological prospection could be collated. It was also suggested that a wiki be started which attempts to reuse as much information that exists regarding tutorials and walk throughs for survey and processing techniques in archaeological prospection. This conversation is still on going, but if it is of interest check out and join the google group ‘Methods in Archaeological Prospection’ and join in the discussion!

Furthermore, this is part of a larger conversation taking place on the Open Archaeology list, regarding a general ‘Methods Store’ for all of computing in cultural heritage. There have been various suggestions about creating a community under the umbrella of the Open Knowledge Foundation, and has been particularly championed by Ant Beck. If interested in this wider discussion, check out the Open Archaeology list.

Note: I couldn’t seem to locate a mindmap plugin for wordpress.com sites (though exists for .org sites) so I’ve included the unreadable pdf for proof of concept. If interested in the .mm file, this is available for download from my box.net account. (Created in Freemind)

CAA Geophysics Beijing

Portus GPR & the Amphitheater

Portus GPR and the Amphitheater
Portus GPR and the Ampitheater

Portus 500 MHz GPR results showing various features in the area of the amphitheater and Imperial Palace

I have been recently churning out some text and figures for an up-and-coming publication of last year’s Laurence Seminar at Cambridge University on “Archaeological Survey and the City”. (There’s a link to my presentation on the ‘presentations’ page, if interested) The Portus gang gave a series of talks during the seminar on everything from the range of geophysical techniques used on site and within the surrounding region, to the 3D visualization that has played a large role in the on-going interpretation of the Roman port complex.

No real breaking news here, other than to have another excuse to post a recent figure I concocted for the publication which I thought was of note. The image is an interesting one (to some of us..) as it displays some of the GPR (500 MHz Sensors and Software) data from 2007 alongside the ongoing interpretation and excavation data from the 2006-2009 seasons. A great deal of the ground from this survey area was excavated in the last season, further shedding some light on the GPR data.

Enjoy!

Interesting findings:

The large area to the West of Building 1 (part of a cistern complex) turned out to be a the floor (in the style of opus spicatum) of a room (whose function is still under debate) which connected the cisterns on either side of the trackway.

Bits of the walls of the so-called amphitheater were also revealed in the GPR data very early on, including what seemed to be 3 concentric walls under the modern trackway. It was confirmed through excavation in the 2009 season that the amphitheater indeed had a third (previously unknown) outer wall, connecting it to the adjoining room block.

The Claudian mole which runs along the northern edge of the excavation was also seen to continue underneath the modern trackway as noted in the large east-west, high amplitude feature.

Should be noted:

The modern trackway (containing a series of gravel deposits extending up to circa 1 meter below ground) which bisects the Imperial Palace at Portus resulted in (multiple) very high amplitude reflections throughout the slices in this area, making some interpretations of other anomalies somewhat tricky.

Some of the north-south and east-west walls in Area E (excavation area to the West of the track) did not show up so clearly in the GPR data. The traverses of this survey were conducted in an east-west direction, perpendicular to some of the walls in question. I’m convinced the issue lies with the survey line resolution (0.5m spacing with walls less than 0.5m wide) combined with the survey direction, probably leading to patchy results in this area.

Uploaded my MSc Dissertation- Finally!

GPR at Portus (2008)

I recently uploaded my unpolished MSc Dissertation on geophysical data fusion to Scribd today. Just thought I’d add a post, and embed it here for good measure. It’s been over 2 years since I wrote this, and though I’ve moved on a bit since and probably wouldn’t necessarily agree with everything in it, thought I should probably put my money where my mouth is when it comes to open access. OH, and I should admit (as this has been pointed out to me several times) that though I used various color ranges for the geophysics results, I do realize now that this may not be best practice!

Should be noted that I have published else where on the subject of my dissertation, but, just in case anyone is actually interested (ha!) in the unabridged version, here goes:

Çatalhöyük Preliminary Interp

Çatalhöyük GPR Interp
Çatalhöyük GPR Interp

First crude stab at interpreting one timeslice of the 500 MHz GPR data collected last June at Çatalhöyük.

I had to prepare a couple of images this last weekend for an abstract for the London Geological Society Meeting in December and in the process came up with the first stab at digitizing some interpretations to one of the many timeslices from the 500 MHz GPR data collected last June. (More information on the survey can be found in a previous post) Initially I wasn’t very keen on attempting interpreting the slice as we still have not corrected the data for topography or tilt yet, but in the end I think it was a good exercise for me in coming to terms with actually making interpretations on the data- versus simply digitizing every reflection on the timeslice. I think there’s certainly some promising anomalies/features appearing in this particular slice (thus far estimated at 85cm below ground surface, but still a contentious estimate).

In addition to topographic correction and velocity analysis, there still needs to be quite a bit of mosaic correction done as well. As the survey was completed over the course of an afternoon and the following morning the relative amplitude ranges as well as the time zero points vary significantly between the two days. For the initial timeslices I ended up correcting the relative amplitudes through various attempts at adjusting the gain curves on each trace, automating and clipping each radargram to their respective time zero point, and then crudely adjusting the resulting amplitude ranges in the pixel based timeslices themselves. I think with greater refinement to the relative gain curves I can probably avoid the pixel based mosaic corrections, but have yet to have the time (and access to the software) to have a real play with the data. Soon enough though- as the goal is now to make some real progress in preparation for the poster in December. Here’s hoping!